VivahPanchami is a popular Hindu festival celebrating the wedding of Lord Rama or Ram and Goddess Sita. Vivah Panchami falls on the fifth day of the Shukla paksha or waxing phase of moon in the ‘Margashirsha’month (November – December) in the Hindu calendar.The day is observed as the Vivah Utsav(marriage ceremony) of Rama and Sita is replayed in several temples associated with Sri Rama in the Mithila region of Nepal and several places of North India.
The story of Rama’s marriage
Once, when the sage Visvamitra approached Emperor Dasharat of Ayodhya to fighting a demon or raksasa. With great reluctance, Dasharat sent his son’s Rama and Lakshmana along with Vishwamitra to his home and killed Taraka, a terrible female demon. In gratitude Rama was given divine weapons, and took the price of Ayodhya to Mithila. During that time, Janaka the ruler of Militha was conducting a contest to choose the right match for there daughter Sita (also called Janaki or Maithili) Marriage. The king promised the princess in marriage to anyone who could string the bow (Dhanush) to prove their prowess, which had once been the weapon of the great god Shiva. The bow was so huge and heavy that none of the participants could even lift it. Upon the instructions from Vishwamitra, Rama with his divine strength stringed the bow successfully and breaked it into two pieces and so won the hand of Sita.
During the grand marriage ceremony, the brothers of Rama namely Bharat Lakshman and Shatrugna were also married to Mandavi,Urmila and Shuddhakirti respectively who were the sister’s of Devi Sita. Therefore, this day is celebrated as Vivah Panchami to every year.
Celebrations at Ayodhya,India
VivahPanchami is celebrated in Ayodhya with a great devotional fervor and grand celebration in Lord Ram Birth Place. On this auspicious day, all the temples light up on Lord Ram VivahPanchmi. The wedding ceremonies are enacted with the idol of Ram is taken in procession to janakpur, the birth place of Sita and all along the way, the devotees sing bhajans in praise of Ram. The procession reaches janakpur and special pujas and the marriage ceremony of Sita are organized there. The idols of Ram and Sita are Dressed like Groom and bride and the marriage ceremony takes place amidst elaborate ritulas and Vedic procedures.
Celebrations at Janakpur,Nepal
VivahPanchami is a very famous festival in Janakpur,Nepal. At Janakpurthis festival is celebrated with great fanfare. Special rituals and pujas are held across temples including the renowned ‘Ram’ and ‘Janki’ and andDashrathtemples. Theceremony celebrations continue for a period of 7 days and devotees observe all the rituals with immense zeal and dedication. Thousands of devotees visit these temples, not only the Nepalese but also from India pilgrims take part in the festival in large number to seek the divine blessings for leading a happy family life. As a part of the rituals, devotees on the day of VivahPanchami take a holy bath in renowned lakes of Mithilanchal like ‘Dhanushsagar’, ‘Gangasagar’ and ‘Argaza Pond’.
Significance of VivahPanchami
VivahPanchamil is celebrating the wedding of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita and they are well known for harmony, sacrifices and dedication in marital relationship. Sita Devi waited 14 years for Lord Rama and Rama fought with demon King to release his beloved wife Sita. This is the reason that why they are worshipped by every lovable couple. VivahPanchami is especially auspicious,significant and sacred for those people’s whose aim is to identify a perfect life partner to lead a happy family and married life.
The observance of Vivah Panchami also highlights the friendly relations and bonding between India and Nepal that has been cherished for centuries. Janakpur is a very spiritual and historical city of Nepal and thousands of pilgrims from India visit this birth place of Goddess Sita every year to observe the festival of VivahPanchami and also the culture and traditional values of the place.
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