Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

Darwin was born in the Mount, Shrewsbury. In Shropshire, England on 12th February 1809. His father’s name was Robert Darwin and Mothers name was Susannah Darwin. His father was a doctor and financier by profession and his mother was a Physician. He was the fifth of six children. He attained his basic education from September 1818 at Anglican Shrewsbury School before attending the University of Edinburgh Medical School. He first presented this discovery on March 20th, 1827; at the Plinian where he argued that the black spores found in oyster shells were in actuality the eggs if a skate leech. He had a lack of interest in medical studies. So, it led his father to enroll him at the Christ College to attain a degree of BA in arts. He mainly showed a profound interest in botany. He graduated with a distinction in the year 1831.

In the same year 1831, Darwin set sail on the HMS Beagle. A naval survey ship. He came there to collect plant and animal specimens from the countries and also islands of the ship visited. The voyage took five years. The most important part of the journey was spent in the Galapagos Islands for Darwin. These islands are the home to animals and plants that can’t be found anywhere else in the world. Darwin noticed that all the different islands were home to a tortoise that was different from each other. Darwin was married to his first cousin Emma Wedgewood, in the year 1839 at the age of 29. The couple had ten children.

When the Beagle returned to England, Darwin began to study the specimens. He also had collected in more detail and he realized that the differences in finches of the Galapagos Islands followed a similar pattern to those he had observed on the tortoises. The fiches from all of the islands were similar except the birds that were from different islands had different breaks. Darwin also slowly started to study other animals and plants. He began to piece together his theory of natural selection and explains how populations evolve. Darwin didn’t publish his findings straight away. This may lead to talks that would be controversial and upset many people. And he knew this.

The origin of species came out in 1859 after long time. It was the massive talking point because the challenged the truth of the creation story found in the Bible. Today, Darwin’s theory of natural selection has been accepted and applied for education as a scientific fact. The new fossil discoveries are constantly adding to our knowledge of the stages of evolution. Darwin appears on UK 12 pounds notes and statue of him main hall of London’s Natural History Museum. Darwin after two decades of scientific investigation, he introduced his revolutionary theory of evolution in 1858. There are more than 120 species’ that have been named after Darwin. He died on April 19th, 1882, in Down House Downe, Kent England at the age of 73, due to angina attacks and heart failure.

Darwin’s theory of evolution

  • Charles Darwin had always wanted to study nature even of his father wanted him to be a doctor or priest. Defying him young Darwin embarked on a ship sent to chart the coast of South America because he wanted to connect and study exotic animal specimens. What he found on the five-year trip would lead him to question his believes. What if species weren’t as permanent and perfect as everyone thought. In Argentina, Darwin found fossils of what looked like giant armadillos and sloths. These animals had existed at some point but they didn’t anymore. This made Darwin suspect species had changed over time in line with some existing but unpopular theories. He had also seen mockingbirds and when he goes to the Galapagos, he found different mockingbirds species on the island. Distinct among each other and from the mainland species. Because of their sheer similarity and closeness, Darwin hypothesized that they had a common ancestor whose specimens had flown to the islands and changed their. However, something was missing. How did this change happen?
  • Darwin’s inspiration came from an economist. Thomas Malthus, who believed that humans reproduced faster than their food supply. Darwin realized that animals always breed beyond their available recourse. So the individuals who were better at surviving would be to reproduce. This way they would pass on any traits that would help them survive. Everything fit together but there was a final hurdle. Darwin liked the society he lives in was deeply religious and all the evidence that he found contradicted Christian beliefs. It would take him above 20 years to write and publish his revolutionary book on the origin of species. But when he finally did it became one of the most influential scientific treatises of all time.

What are the 5 main points of Darwin’s theory?

The first is the competition:

Organisms demand to survive in the limited resource given by nature.

 Adaption: The capability of an organism to survive in the situation based on the inherited characteristics.

Variation: The different forms in which it exists.

Overproduction:  The number of organism in larger quantities than that can actually live.

Speciation: The new species that prevent other organisms from breeding with each other.

Darwin’s work

Darwin was a writer. He is also the author “The Voyage of the Beagle”. Even if the publication of his work on evolution was not done, he would have had a considerable reputation as a writer. He was also a biologist who has published the definitive work on barnacles.

His view on the Human society

It reflected on his social position. The family he grew up was of Whig reformers who like his uncle supported electoral reform. He was passionately opposed to slavery while seeing no problem with the working of English factory. It reinforced his belief that black people had dame feelings of a very pleasant and intelligent man and could be intelligent as people of other races.

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